The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) identifies the historic environment as a core planning principle. It states that Local Planning Authorities (LPAs) should have a positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment.
LPAs are tasked with the development and creation of a Local Plan for their administrative area. These Local Plans aid decision making when determining planning applications, including those that relate to historic buildings and places.
Historic England has developed detailed
Good Practice Advice for local authorities to help support the plan-making process. The guidance focuses on ensuring that full consideration is given to the historic environment in the development of planning policy and specifically through the site allocation process.
There are eight LPAs in Northamptonshire:
These LPAs seek to retain and enhance historic features through designations such as conservation areas, listed building consent and scheduled monuments, as well as encouraging careful consideration of the impact of proposed developments on such features or areas.
Advice and services
The LPAs can provide the following advice and services:
- Providing expert advice and support to
listed building owners on repair and alteration;
- Providing advice on applications for listed building consent;
- Providing advice on planning applications for developments, which affect conservation areas and the setting of listed buildings;
- Taking enforcement action, where expedient to do so, they can also take enforcement action, including prosecution, against owners who cause harm to designated heritage assets by ignoring the protection that is in place;
- Helping advise on scheduled monument consent;
- Providing advice on Village Design Statements, which can describe the distinctive characteristics of the locality and provide design guidance to influence future development;
- Providing advice on the development of Neighbourhood Plans to ensure the consideration of the historic environment;
- Serving Article 4 directions to ensure that specific permitted development rights on the land would be removed;
- Administering grants to protect heritage by assisting with the repair or reinstatement of traditional features on listed buildings and on Article 4 buildings in conservation areas.
Heritage consents and permissions
The law requires planning permission to be obtained for most developments or changes of use of existing buildings. A full list and detailed explanation of each consent and how to apply is available on the Historic England website. Special heritage consents and permissions may also be required for certain purposes and a brief explanation of each is provided below: